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U.S. Trade Data Categorized by Harmonized System Code

Flexport’s import and export data is sourced from US Census statistical records. Figures represent imports to the United States from other countries and exports from the United States to other countries. Read more about HS Codes here.

U.S. Import and Export Data Lead and articles thereof HS Chapter 78

Overview

IMPORTS

2008 2020

Top Origin Country

Ca
Canada

Top Destination State

Pa
Pennsylvania

EXPORTS

2008 2020

Top Destination Country

Mx
Mexico

Top Origin State

Ca
California

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Import Export Rankings (2022)

U.S. Import Rank (amongst 2 digit HS Codes) 86th (of 98)
U.S. Export Rank (amongst 2 digit HS Codes) 89th
Top Importing States Pennsylvania ($223,185,106), Maryland ($218,048,765), Missouri ($67,640,648), and Alabama ($47,343,441)
Top Exporting States Texas ($40,568,890), California ($34,638,003), New York ($14,456,066), and Kansas ($7,279,931)
Top Countries Importing from the U.S. India ($45,920,454), Mexico ($28,103,346), Canada ($17,964,232), and Ecuador ($12,614,483)
Top Countries Exporting to the U.S. Canada ($355,171,931), Mexico ($116,504,219), Korea, South ($96,313,379), and Australia ($30,439,435)
CHAPTER 78
LEAD AND ARTICLES THEREOF
XV
78-1
Note
  • 1. In this chapter the following expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them:
    • (a) Bar and rods
      Rolled, extruded, drawn or forged products, not in coils, which have a uniform solid cross section along their whole length in the shape of circles, ovals, rectangles (including squares), equilateral triangles or regular convex polygons (including "flattened circles" and "modified rectangles", of which two opposite sides are convex arcs, the other two sides being straight, of equal length and parallel). Products with a rectangular (including square), triangular or polygonal cross section may have corners rounded along their whole length. The thickness of such products which have a rectangular (including "modified rectangular") cross section exceeds one-tenth of the width. The expression also covers cast or sintered products, of the same forms and dimensions, which have been subsequently worked after production (otherwise than by simple trimming or descaling), provided that they have not thereby assumed the character of articles or products of other headings.
    • (b) Profiles
      Rolled, extruded, drawn, forged or formed products, coiled or not, of a uniform cross section along their whole length, which do not conform to any of the definitions of bars, rods, wire, plates, sheets, strip, foil, tubes or pipes. The expression also covers cast or sintered products, of the same forms, which have been subsequently worked after production (otherwise than by simple trimming or descaling), provided that they have not thereby assumed the character of articles or products of other headings.
    • (c) Wire
      Rolled, extruded or drawn products, in coils, which have a uniform solid cross section along their whole length in the shape of circles, ovals, rectangles (including squares), equilateral triangles or regular convex polygons (including "flattened circles" and "modified rectangles", of which two opposite sides are convex arcs, the other two sides being straight, of equal length and parallel). Products with a rectangular (including square), triangular or polygonal cross section may have corners rounded along their whole length. The thickness of such products which have a rectangular (including "modified rectangular") cross section exceeds one-tenth of the width.
    • (d) Plates, sheets, strip and foil
      Flat-surfaced products (other than the unwrought products of heading 7801), coiled or not, of solid rectangular (other than square) cross section with or without rounded corners (including "modified rectangles" of which two opposite sides are convex arcs, the other two sides being straight, of equal length and parallel) of a uniform thickness, which are:
      • - of rectangular (including square) shape with a thickness not exceeding one-tenth of the width,
      • - of a shape other than rectangular or square, of any size, provided that they do not assume the character of articles or products of other headings.
      Heading 7804 applies, inter alia , to plates, sheets, strip and foil with patterns (for example, grooves, ribs, checkers, tears, buttons, lozenges) and to such products which have been perforated, corrugated, polished or coated, provided that they do not thereby assume the character of articles or products of other headings.
    • (e) Tubes and pipes
      Hollow products, coiled or not, which have a uniform cross section with only one enclosed void along their whole length in the shape of circles, ovals, rectangles (including squares), equilateral triangles or regular convex polygons, and which have a uniform wall thickness. Products with a rectangular (including square), equilateral triangular or regular convex polygonal cross section, which may have corners rounded along their whole length, are also to be considered as tubes and pipes provided the inner and outer cross sections are concentric and have the same form and orientation. Tubes and pipes of the foregoing cross sections may be polished, coated, bent, threaded, drilled, waisted, expanded, cone-shaped or fitted with flanges, collars or rings.
Subheading Note
  • 1. In this chapter the expression "refined lead" means:
    Metal containing by weight at least 99.9 percent of lead, provided that the content by weight of any other element does not exceed the limit specified in the following table:
    TABLE - Other elements
    Element Limiting content percent by weight
    Ag Silver 0.02
    As Arsenic 0.005
    Bi Bismuth 0.05
    Ca Calcium 0.002
    Cd Cadmium 0.002
    Cu Copper 0.08
    Fe Iron 0.002
    S Sulfur 0.002
    Sb Antimony 0.005
    Sn Tin 0.005
    Zn Zinc 0.002
    Other (for example Te), each 0.001
Statistical Note
  • 1. For the purposes of this chapter, "alloys of lead" are metals in which the lead content is, by weight, less than 99 percent, but not less than any other metallic element.
Compiler's Note
The provisions of subchapter II of chapter 99 (Miscellaneous Tariff Bills or MTBs), the provisions of the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) found in General Note 4 and most product exclusions from the additional tariffs on products of China in subchapter III of chapter 99 expired on December 31, 2020. However, no endnotes or footnotes relating to these provisions have been deleted as of the issue date of this edition.

U.S. Tariff Rates

Heading/
Subheading
Article
Description
Unit of
Quantity
General Special
7801 Unwrought lead:
7801.10.00.00 Refined lead kg 2.5% on the value of the lead content Free (A*, AU, BH, CL, CO, D, E, IL, JO, KR, MA, OM, P, PA, PE, S, SG)
7801.91.00.00 Containing by weight antimony as the principal other element kg,Pb kg 2.5% on the value of the lead content Free (A, AU, BH, CL, CO, D, E, IL, JO, KR, MA, OM, P, PA, PE, S, SG)
7801.99 Other:
7801.99.30.00 Lead bullion kg,Pb kg 2.5% on the value of the lead content Free (A, AU, BH, CL, CO, D, E, IL, JO, KR, MA, OM, P, PA, PE, S, SG)
7801.99.90 Other 2.5% on the value of the lead content Free (A, AU, BH, CL, CO, D, E, IL, JO, KR, MA, OM, P, PA, PE, S, SG)
7801.99.90.30 Alloys of lead kg,Pb kg
7801.99.90.50 Other kg,Pb kg
7802.00.00 Lead waste and scrap Free
7802.00.00.30 Obtained from lead-acid storage batteries kg,Pb kg
7802.00.00.60 Other kg,Pb kg
7804 Lead plates, sheets, strip and foil; lead powders and flakes:
7804.11.00.00 Sheets, strip and foil of a thickness (excluding any backing) not exceeding 0.2 mm kg 2.2% Free (A, AU, BH, CL, CO, D, E, IL, JO, KR, MA, OM, P, PA, PE, S, SG)
7804.19.00.00 Other kg 3% Free (A, AU, BH, CL, CO, D, E, IL, JO, KR, MA, OM, P, PA, PE, S, SG)
7804.20.00.00 Powders and flakes kg Free
7806 Other articles of lead:
7806.00.03.00 Lead bars, rods, profiles and wire kg 1.2% Free (A, AU, BH, CL, CO, D, E, IL, JO, KR, MA, OM, P, PA, PE, S, SG)
7806.00.05.00 Lead tubes, pipes and tube or pipe fittings (for example, couplings, elbows, sleeves) kg 2% Free (A, AU, BH, CL, CO, D, E, IL, JO, KR, MA, OM, P, PA, PE, S, SG)
7806.00.80.00 Other kg 3% Free (A, AU, B, BH, CL, CO, D, E, IL, JO, KR, MA, OM, P, PA, PE, S, SG)

Ruling

No rulings related to HS Code 78.

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Destination Countries

Origin States