Terms and Conditions
Below are terms and conditions for shipping with Flexport Inc., Flexport LLC and Flexport International LLC
By accepting terms and conditions for any mode you are accepting the terms and conditions for all modes.
Customs Brokerage and General Terms & Conditions
FLEXPORT LLC TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SERVICE
Based on the model terms and conditions of service promulgated by the NATIONAL CUSTOMS BROKERS AND FORWARDERS ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA, INC.
These terms and conditions of service constitute a legally binding contract between the "Company" and the "Customer". In the event the Company renders services and issues a document containing Terms and Conditions governing such services, theTerms and Conditions set forth in such other document(s) shall govern those services.
- Definitions. (a) "Company" shall mean Flexport LLC, its subsidiaries, successors or assigns, related companies, including, without limitation, Flexport International LLC, other authorized agents and/or representatives. (b) "Customer" shall mean the person for which the Company is rendering service, as well as its agents and/or representatives, including, but not limited to, shippers, importers, exporters, carriers,secured parties, warehousemen, buyers and/or sellers, shipper's agents, insurers and underwriters, break-bulk agents, consignees, etc. It is the responsibility of theCustomer to provide notice and copy(s) of these terms and conditions of service to all such agents or representatives. (c) "CBP" or "Customs" shall mean U.S. Customs and Border Protection. (d) "Documentation" shall mean all information received directly or indirectly from Customer, whether in paper or electronic form. (e) OceanTransportation Intermediaries" ("OTI") shall mean an "ocean freight forwarder" and a "non-vessel operating common carrier". (f) "Third parties" shall include, but not be limited to, the following: "carriers, truck men, cart men, lightermen, forwarders, OTIs,customs brokers, agents, warehousemen and others to which the goods are entrusted for transportation, cartage, handling and/or delivery and/or storage or otherwise".
- Company as Agent. The Company acts as the "agent" of the Customer for the purpose of performing duties in connection with importer security filing services, the entry and release of goods, post entry services, the securing of export licenses, the filing of export documentation on behalf of the Customer and other dealings withGovernment Agencies; as to all other services, Company acts as an independent contractor.
- Limitation of Actions. (a) Unless subject to a specific statute or international convention, all claims against the Company for a potential or actual loss, must be made in writing and received by the Company, within ninety (90) days of the event giving rise to claim; the failure to give the Company timely notice shall be a complete defense to any suit or action commenced by Customer. (b) All suits against Company must be filed and properly served on Company as follows: (i) For claims arising out of ocean transportation, within one (1) year from the date of the loss; (ii) For those claims arising from air transportation, within two (2) years from the date of the loss; (iii) For claims arising out of the preparation and/or submission of an import entry(s),within seventy five (75) days from the date of liquidation of the entry(s); (iv) For claims arising out of the preparation and/or submission of an importer security filing, within one (1) year from the date of loss; (v) For any and all other claims of any other type, within two (2) years from the date of the loss.
- No Liability for the Selection of Services of Third Parties and/or Routes. Unless services are performed by persons or firms engaged pursuant to express written instructions from the Customer, Company shall use reasonable care in its selection of third parties, or in selecting the means, route and procedure to be followed in the handling, transportation, clearance and delivery of the shipment;advice by the Company that a particular person or firm has been selected to render services with respect to the goods, shall not be construed to mean that the Company warrants or represents that such person or firm will render such services nor does Company assume responsibility or liability for any action(s) and/or inaction(s) of such third parties and/or its agents, and shall not be liable for any delay or loss of any kind, which occurs while a shipment is in the custody or control of a third party or the agent of a third party; all claims in connection with the Act of a third party shall be brought solely against such party and/or its agents; in connection with any such claim, the Company shall reasonably cooperate with the Customer, which shall be liable for any charges or costs incurred by the Company.
- Quotations Not Binding. Quotations as to fees, rates of duty, freight charges,insurance premiums or other charges given by the Company to the Customer are for informational purposes only and are subject to change without notice; no quotation shall be binding upon the Company unless the Company in writing agrees to undertake the handling or transportation of the shipment at a specific rate or amount set forth in the quotation and payment arrangements are agreed to between the Company and the Customer.
- Reliance on Information Furnished. (a) Customer acknowledges that it is required to review all documents and declarations prepared and/or filed with U.S. Customs and Border Protection, other Government Agency and/or third parties, and will immediately advise the Company of any errors, discrepancies,incorrect statements, or omissions on any declaration filed on Customer’s behalf; (b)In preparing and submitting importer security filings, Customs entries, export declarations, applications, documentation and/or export data to the United States and/or a third party, the Company relies on the correctness and completeness of all documentation, whether in written or electronic format, and all information furnished by Customer; Customer shall use reasonable care to insure the correctness and completeness of all such information and shall indemnify and hold the Company harmless from any and all claims asserted and/or liability or losses suffered by reason of any incorrect, incomplete or false statement upon which the Company reasonably relied. The Customer agrees that the Customer has an affirmative non-delegable duty to disclose any and all information required to submit an importer security filing, import, export or enter the goods.
- Declaring Higher Value to Third Parties. Third parties to whom the goods are entrusted may limit liability for loss or damage; the Company will request excess valuation coverage only upon specific written instructions from the Customer, which must agree to pay any charges therefor; in the absence of written instructions or the refusal of the third party to agree to a higher declared value, at Company's discretion, the goods may be tendered to the third party subject to the terms of the third party’s limitations of liability and/or terms and conditions of service.
- Insurance. Unless requested to do so in writing in sufficient time prior to shipment from point of origin and confirmed to Customer in writing, Company is under no obligation to procure insurance on Customer's behalf. The Company does not undertake or warrant that such insurance can or will be placed. Unless theCustomer has its own open marine policy and instructs the Company to effect insurance under such policy, insurance is to be effected with one or more insurance companies or other underwriters to be selected by the Company. Any insurance placed shall be governed by the certificate or policy issued and will only be effective when accepted by such insurance companies or underwriters. In all cases, Customer shall pay all premiums and costs in connection with procuring requested insurance.Should an insurer dispute its liability for any reason, the insured shall have recourse against the insurer only and the Company shall not be under any responsibility or liability in relation thereto, notwithstanding that the premium upon the policy may not be at the same rates as that charged or paid to the Company by the Customer or that the shipment was insured under a policy in the name of the Company. If for any reason the goods are held in warehouse, or elsewhere, the same will not be covered by insurance, unless the Company receives specific written instructions from theCustomer and the Company confirms in writing. Unless specifically agreed in writing,the Company assumes no responsibility to effect insurance on any export or import shipment with respect to which Company is not providing services to Customer.
- Disclaimers; Limitation of Liability. (a) Except as specifically set forth herein,Company makes no express or implied warranties in connection with its services; (b)Subject to (d) below, Customer agrees that in connection with any and all services performed by the Company, the Company shall only be liable for its negligent acts that are the direct and proximate cause of any injury to Customer, including loss or damage to Customer’s goods, and the Company shall in no event be liable for the acts of third parties; (c) In connection with all services performed by the Company, Customer may obtain additional liability coverage, up to the actual or declared value of the shipment or transaction, by requesting such coverage and agreeing to make payment therefore, which request must be confirmed in writing by the Company prior to rendering services for the covered transaction(s); (d) In the absence of additional coverage under (c) above, theCompany's liability shall be limited to the following: (i) where the claim arises from importer security filing services or other activities that do not relate to “Customs business”, and except as set forth in paragraph 9(d)(ii), $50.00 per importer security filing, shipment, or transaction, or the amount of fees paid to the Company for the importer security filing, shipment, or transaction, whichever is less; (ii) where the claim arises from the Company’s warehousing, fulfillment, and/or consolidation services occurring in the Company’s facilities or premises, including owned or leased property, $0.50 per pound of goods lost or damaged; or (iii) where the claim arises from activities relating to "Customs business", $50.00 per entry or the amount of brokerage fees paid to Company for the entry, whichever is less; (e) In no event shall Company be liable or responsible for consequential, indirect, incidental, statutory or punitive damages even if it has been put on notice of the possibility of such damages, including any and all loss or damages arising from delay of services.
- Advancing Money. All charges must be paid by Customer in advance unless the Company agrees in writing to extend credit to customer; the granting of credit to aCustomer in connection with a particular transaction shall not be considered a waiver of this provision by the Company.
- Indemnification/Hold Harmless. The Customer agrees to indemnify, defend, and hold the Company harmless from any claims and/or liability arising from importer security filing services, the importation or exportation of Customer’s merchandise and/or any conduct of the Customer that violates any Federal, State and/or other laws, and further agrees to indemnify and hold the Company harmless against any and all liability, loss, damages, costs, claims and/or expenses, including but not limited to reasonable attorney's fees that the Company may hereafter incur, suffer or be required to pay by reason of such claims, including any claims by any Third party for freight or other charges, duties, fines, penalties, liquidated damages or other money due arising from services provided to or on behalf of the Customer. The confiscation or detention of the goods by any governmental authority shall not affect or diminish the liability of the Customer to the Company to pay all charges or other money due promptly on demand. In the event that any claim, suit or proceeding is brought against the Company, it shall give notice in writing to the Customer by mail at its address on file with the Company.
- C.O.D. or Cash Collect Shipments. Company shall use reasonable care regarding written instructions relating to "Cash/Collect" or "Deliver (C.O.D.)" shipments, bank drafts, cashiers’ and/or certified checks, letter(s) of credit and other similar payment documents and/or instructions regarding collection of monies but shall have no liability if the bank or consignee or other recipient refuses to pay for the shipment. All payment documents tendered in payment of C.O.D.s will be accepted based solely upon the Customer’s assuming all risk relating thereto including, but not limited to,risk of non-payment, insufficient funds and forgery, and the Company shall not be liable upon any such instrument. The Company will not be responsible for any delay in remittance lost in exchange or during transmission or while in the course of collection.
- Costs of Collection. In any dispute involving monies owed to Company, the Company shall be entitled to all costs of collection, including reasonable attorney's fees and the lesser of (i) a late payment fee of 1.5% per month of the outstanding balance due or (ii) the highest rate permitted by applicable law.
- General Lien and Right to Sell Customer's Property. (a) Company shall have a general and continuing lien on any and all property of Customer coming into Company's actual or constructive possession or control for monies owed toCompany relating to the shipment on which the lien is claimed and/or any prior shipments; (b) Company shall provide written notice to Customer of its intent to exercise such lien, the exact amount of monies due and owing, as well as any ongoing storage or other charges. Customer shall notify all parties having an interest in its shipment(s) of Company's rights and/or the exercise of such lien. (c) Unless,within thirty days of receiving notice of lien, Customer posts cash or letter of credit at sight, or, if the amount due is in dispute, an acceptable bond equal to 110% of the value of the total amount due, in favor of Company, guaranteeing payment of the monies owed, plus all storage charges accrued or to be accrued, Company shall have the right to sell such shipment(s) at public or private sale or auction and any net proceeds remaining thereafter shall be refunded to Customer.
- No Duty to Maintain Records For Customer. Customer acknowledges that pursuant to Sections 508 and 509 of the Tariff Act, as amended, (19 USC §1508 and§1509) it has the duty and is solely liable for maintaining all records required under the Customs and/or other Laws and Regulations of the United States; unless otherwise agreed to in writing, the Company shall only keep such records that it is required to maintain by Statute(s) and/or Regulation(s), but not act as a"record keeper" or "record keeping agent" for Customer.
- Obtaining Binding Rulings, Filing Protests, etc. Unless requested by Customer in writing and agreed to by Company in writing, Company shall be under no obligation to undertake any pre- or post- importer security filing services or Customs release action, including, but not limited to, obtaining binding rulings, advising of liquidations, filing of petition(s) and/or protests, etc.
- Preparation and Issuance of Bills of Lading. Where Company prepares and/or issues a bill of lading, Company shall be under no obligation to specify thereon the number of pieces, packages and/or cartons, etc.; unless specifically requested to do so in writing by Customer or its agent and Customer agrees to pay for same; Company shall use the weight supplied by Customer.
- No Modification or Amendment Unless Written. These terms and conditions of service may only be modified, altered or amended in writing signed by bothCustomer and Company; any attempt to unilaterally modify, alter or amend same shall be null and void.
- Compensation of Company. The compensation of the Company for its services shall be included with and is in addition to the rates and charges of all carriers and other agencies selected by the Company to transport and deal with the goods and such compensation shall be exclusive of any brokerage, commissions, dividends, or other revenue received by the Company from carriers, insurers and other in connection with the shipment. On ocean exports, and upon request, the Company shall provide a detailed breakout of the components of all charges assessed and a true copy of each pertinent document relating to these charges. In any referral for collection or action against the Customer for the monies due the Company, upon recovery by the Company, the Customer shall pay theexpenses of collection and/or litigation, including reasonable attorneys’ fees.
- Severability. In the event any Paragraph and/or portion of these Terms and Conditions is found to be invalid and/or unenforceable, then in such event theremainder thereof shall remain in full force and effect.
- Governing Law; Consent to Jurisdiction and Venue. These terms and conditionsof service and the relationship of the parties shall be construed according to the lawsof the State of California, without giving consideration to conflict of law principles.Customer and Company (a) irrevocably consent to the jurisdiction of the UnitedStates District Court and the State courts of California; (b) agree that any actionrelating to the services performed by Company, shall only be brought in said courts;(c) consent to the exercise of in personam jurisdiction by said courts over it, and (d)further agree that any action to enforce a judgment may be instituted in any jurisdiction.
International Ocean Bill of Lading Terms & Conditions
Below are terms and conditions for shipping with Flexport International LLC a licensed ocean freight forwarder and non-vessel operating common carrier (NVOCC) FMC# 025219NF. Terms and conditions are the same as are currently printed on International Bills of Lading.
By accepting terms and conditions for any mode (domestic air, international air, international ocean, domestic trucking and international trucking) you are accepting the terms and conditions for all modes:
- Definitions. When used in this Bill of Lading (A) "Carrier" means Flexport International LLC. (B) "Inland Carrier" means carriers (other than the Carrier) by land, water or air, participating in combined transport of the Goods, whether acting as carrier or bailee. (C) "Combined Transport" means carriage of the Goods under this Bill of Lading from place of receipt from Merchant to place of delivery to Merchant by the Carrier plus one or more Inland Carriers. (D) "Port-to-Port Transportation" means carriage of the Goods under this Bill of Lading other than combined transport. (E) "Merchant" includes the shipper, consignor, consignee, owner, and receiver of the Goods and the holder of this Bill of Lading. (F) "Goods" mean the cargo described on the face of this Bill of Lading and, if the cargo is packed into container(s) supplied or furnished by or on behalf of the Merchant, include the container(s) as well. (G) "Vessel" includes the vessel named on the face of this Bill of Lading and any ship, craft, lighter, barge or other means of transport that is substituted in whole or in part for that vessel. (H) "Container" includes any containers (including an open top container) flat rack, platform, trailer, transportable tank, pallet or any other device used for transportation of goods. (I) "Laden on Board" or similar words endorsed on this Bill of Lading means that the Goods have been loaded on board the Vessel or are in the custody of the Carrier, and in the event of Combined Transport if the originating carrier is an Inland Carrier. "On Board" means that the Goods have been loaded on board rail cars or other means of Inland carriage or are in the custody of a participating railroad or other Inland Carrier. (J) "Subcontractor" includes stevedores, longshoremen, lighterers, terminal operators, warehousemen, truckers, agents, servants, and any person, firm, corporation or other legal entity which performs services incidental to the carriage of the Goods. (K) "United States" or "U.S." means the United States of America.
- Clause Paramount. (A) Insofar as this Bill of Lading covers carriage of Goods by water, this Bill of Lading shall have effect subject to the provisions of the "Hague Rules", namely the International Conventions for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Bills of Lading, dated at Brussels, August 25, 1924, as amended (including, where enacted, the Protocol dated at Brussels, February 23, 1968, known as the Visby Rules), as enacted in the country of shipment. When no such enactment is in force in the country of shipment or is otherwise compulsorily applicable, the Hague Rules as enacted in the country of destination shall apply. When no such enactment is in force in the country of shipment or in the country of destination, or is otherwise compulsorily applicable, the terms of the Hague Rules as enacted by the Convention shall apply. (B) If this Bill of Lading covers Goods moving to or from ports of the United States in foreign trade, then carriage of such goods shall be subject to the provisions of the United States Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1936, 46 U.S.C. P1300-1315 as amended (hereinafter "U.S. COGSA"), the terms of which shall be incorporated herein. The provisions of U.S. COGSA shall (except as otherwise specifically provided in this Bill of Lading) govern throughout the time when the Goods are in the custody of the Carrier and any other water carrier and as otherwise provided in this Bill of Lading.
- Law and Jurisdiction. Whenever the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1936 (COGSA) of the United States of America applies, this contract is to be governed by United States Law. In all other cases actions against the Carrier may be instituted only in the country where the Carrier has its principal place of business and shall be decided according to the law of such country.
- Limitation of Liability Statutes. Nothing in this Bill of Lading shall operate to limit or deprive the Carrier of any statutory protection, exemption from, or limitation of liability authorized by the applicable laws, statutes, or regulations of any country.
- Sub-Contracting: Exemptions and Immunities of Subcontractors. (A) The Carrier shall be entitled to subcontract on any terms the whole or part of the handling, storage, or carrier of the Goods and any and all duties whatsoever undertaken by the Carrier in relation to the Goods. (B) Merchant warrants that no claim shall be made against any Subcontractor (as defined in Article 1 (J), or Subcontractor, of Carrier, except Inland Carriers where otherwise appropriate, that imposes or attempts to impose upon any of them or any vessel owned or operated by any of them any liability in connection with the Goods, and, if any such claims should nevertheless be made, to indemnify the Carrier against all consequences of such claims. (C) Without prejudice to the foregoing, every Subcontractor (and Subcontractor's Subcontractor) shall have the benefit of all provisions in this Bill of Lading for the benefit of the Carrier as if such provisions were expressly for the Subcontractor's benefit. In entering into this contract the Carrier, to the extent of those provisions, does so not only on its own behalf of such Subcontractors.
- Route to Transport. (A) The Goods may, at the Carriers absolute discretion, be carried as a single shipment or as several shipments by the Vessel and/or any other means of transport by land, water, or air and by any route whatsoever, whether or not such route is the direct, advertised, or customary route. (B) The Vessel shall have liberty to call and/or stay at any port or place in or out of the direct, advertised, or customary route, once or more often and in any order, and/or to omit calling at any port or place whether scheduled or not. (C) The Vessel shall have liberty , either with or without the Goods on board and either before or after proceeding toward the port of discharge to adjust to compasses and other navigational instruments, make trial trips or tests, dry dock, go to repair yards, shift berths, take on fuel or stores, embark or disembark any person, carry contraband, explosives, munitions, war-like stores and hazardous cargo, sail with or without pilots, tow or be towed, and save or attempt to save life or property. (D) If the Goods in whole or in part are for any reason not carried on the Vessel named in this Bill of Lading, or if loading the Goods is delayed or is likely to detain the Vessel, the Vessel may proceed without carrying or loading the Goods in whole or in part, and notice to merchant of such sailing is hereby waived. Carrier may forward the Goods under the terms of this Bill of Lading on the next available ship or at Carrier's option by any other means of transportation, whether by land, water or air. (E) At Carrier's option and without notice to Merchant, another ship or ships may be substituted for the Vessel named in this Bill of Lading, whether or not the substitute ship is owned or operated by Carrier or arrives or departs, or is scheduled to arrive or depart, before or after the Vessel named by this Bill of Lading. (F) Any action taken by the Carrier under this Article 6 shall be deemed to be included within the contractual carriage and such action, or delay resulting therefrom, shall not be considered a deviation. Should the Carrier be held liable in respect of such action, the Carrier shall be entitled to the full benefit of all privileges, rights, and immunities contained in this Bill of Lading.
- Responsibility. (A) Insofar as this Bill of Lading is used for Port-to-Port Transportation of the Goods, the Carrier shall not be responsible for loss of or damage to the Goods caused before loading or after discharge. "Loading" shall be deemed to commence with the hooking on the vessel's tackle, or if not using the vessel's tackle, with the receipt of the Goods on deck or in the hold of (if the Goods are in bulk liquid) in the vessel's permanent pipe connections. "Discharge" shall be deemed to be completed when the Goods have been unhooked from the vessel's tackle o removed from the vessel's deck or passed beyond the vessel's permanent pipe connections. (B) Insofar as this Bill of Lading is used for combined transport of the Goods, the responsibility of the Carrier and each Inland Carrier with respect to the Goods shall be limited to the period when the carrier has custody of the Goods, and no carrier, either Ocean or Inland, shall be responsible for any loss or damage caused while the Goods are not in its custody. Any claim for loss of o or damage to the Goods, including loss or damages resulting from delay, should be made against the carrier having custody of the Goods when the loss or damage or delay was caused. (C) If it is established by the Merchant that the Carrier is responsible for loss of or damage to or in connection with the Goods, such responsibility, subject to the provisions of this Bill of Lading, shall be to the extent following but not further: (1) With respect to loss or damage caused during the period from the time when the Goods arrived at the sea terminal at the port of loading to the time when they left the sea terminal at the port of discharge, or caused during any previous or subsequent period of carriage by sea or waterways, to the extent prescribed by the applicable Hague Rules as provided in Article 2. (2) Save as indicated (C) (i) above, with respect to loss or damage caused during the handling, storage or carriage of the Goods by Carrier's Subcontractor, to the extent to which such Subcontractor would have been liable to the Merchant if he had made a direct and separate contract with the Merchant in respect of such handling, storage or carriage, provided, however, that if the Carrier is not authorized under any applicable laws, rules or regulations to undertake such handling, storage, or carriage under its own responsibility, the Carrier shall only be liable for procuring such handling, storage or carriage. If such handling, storage or carriage occurred in or between points in Europe, or where otherwise applicable, such responsibility shall be governed (a) if by road by the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road, dated 19 May, 1956 (CMR); (b) if by rail, by the International Convention Concerning the Carriage of Goods by Rail, dated 25 February, 1961 (CIM); (c) if by air, by the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air, signed Warsaw 12 October, 1929, as amended by the Hague Protocol dated 28 September, 1955 (Warsaw Convention); (d) If it is established by the Merchant that an Inland Carrier is responsible for loss of or damage to or in connection with the Goods, such responsibility shall be to the extent, but not further, than the Inland Carrier would have been liable to the Merchant if he had made a direct and separate contract with the Merchant in respect of handling, storage or carriage of the Goods, as applicable. (e) Notwithstanding foregoing Article 7 (A) or 7 (B), the Carrier does not undertake that the Goods shall arrive at the port of discharge or place of delivery at any particular time or in time to meet any particular market o ruse, and the Carrier shall not be responsible for any direct or indirect loss or damage that is caused through delay. (f) If this Bill of Lading is used for Port-to-Port Transportation, the column indicating final destination on the face of this Bill of Lading is solely for the purpose of the Merchant's reference, and the Carrier's responsibility for the Goods shall in all cases cease at the time of discharge of the Goods at the port of discharge.
- Liberties. (A) In any situation whatsoever whether or not existing or anticipated before commencement of or during the transport, which in the judgement of the Carrier (including for the purpose of this Article the Master and any person charged with the transport or safekeeping of the Goods) has given or is likely to give rise to danger, injury, loss, delay, or disadvantage of whatsoever nature to the Vessel, the Carrier, a vehicle, any person, the Goods or any property, or has rendered or is likely to render it in any way unsafe, impracticable, unlawful, or against the interest of the Carrier or the Merchant to commence or continue the transport or to discharge the Goods at the port of discharge or to deliver the Goods at the place of delivery by the route and in the manner originally intended by the Carrier, the Carrier (1) at any time shall be entitled to unpack the container(s) or otherwise dispose of the Goods in such way as the Carrier may deem advisable at the risk and expense of the Merchant and/or (2) before the Goods are loaded on the Vessel, a vehicle, or other means of transport at the place of receipt or port of loading, shall be entitled to cancel the contract of carriage without compensation and to require the Merchant to take delivery of the Goods and, upon his failure to do so, to warehouse or place them at any place selected by the Carrier at the risk and expense of the Merchant and/or (3) if the Goods are at a place awaiting transshipment, shall be entitled to terminate the transport there and to store them at any place selected by the Carrier at the risk and expense of the Merchant, and/or (4) if the Goods are loaded on the Vessel, a vehicle, or other means of transport whether or not approaching, entering, or attempting to enter the port of discharge or to reach the place of delivery or attempting or commencing to discharge, shall be entitled to discharge the Goods or any part of them at any port or place selected by the Carrier or to carry them back to the port of loading or place of receipt and there discharge them . Any actions under (3) or (4) above shall constitute complete and final delivery and full performance of this contract, and the Carrier thereafter shall be free from any responsibility for carriage of the Goods. (B) If, after storage, discharge, or any actions according to subpart (A) above the Carrier makes arrangements to store and/or forward the Goods, it is agreed that he shall do so only as agent for and at the sole risk and expense of the Merchant without any liability whatsoever in respect of such agency. The Merchant shall reimburse the Carrier forthwith upon demand for all extra freight charges and expenses incurred for any actions taken according to subpart (A), including delay or expense to the Vessel, and the Carrier shall have a lien upon the Goods to that extent. (C) The situations referred to in subpart (A) above shall include, but shall not be limited to, those caused by the existence or apprehension of war declared or undeclared, hostilities, riots, civil commotions, or other disturbances closure of, obstacle in, or danger to any port or canal, blockade, prohibition, or restriction on commerce or trading quarantine, sanitary, or other similar regulations or restrictions, strikes, lockouts or other labor troubles whether partial or general and whether or not involving employees of the Carrier or its Subcontractors, congestion of port, wharf, sea terminal, or similar place, shortage, absence or obstacles of labor or facilities for loading, discharge, delivery, or other handling of the Goods, epidemics or diseases, bad weather, shallow water, ice, landslip, or other obstacles in navigation or carriage (D) The Carrier, in addition to all other liberties provided for in this Article, shall have liberty to comply with orders, directions, regulations or suggestions as to navigation or the carriage or handling of the Goods or the Vessel howsoever given, by any actual or purported government or public authority, or by any committee or person having under the terms of any insurance on the Vessel, the right to give such order, direction, regulation, or suggestion. If by reason of and/or in compliance with any such order, direction, regulation, or suggestions, anything is done or is not done the same shall be deemed to be included within the contractual carriage and shall not be a deviation.
- Description and Particulars of Goods. Any reference on the face of this Bill of Lading to marks, numbers, description, quantity, quality, gauge, weight, measure, nature, kind, value, and any other particulars of the Goods, is as furnished by the Merchant. The Carrier shall not be responsible for the accuracy of any such reference and is not bound thereby. The Merchant warrants to the Carrier that the descriptions and particulars furnished by him are correct, and the Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against all loss, damage, expenses, liability, penalties and fines arising or resulting from inaccuracy of any description or particular.
- Use of Container. When the Goods are not already packed into a container at the time of receipt by the Carrier, the Carrier shall be at liberty to pack and carry the Goods in any type of container.
- Carrier's Container. (A) The Merchant assumes full responsibility for and shall indemnify the Carrier against any loss of or damage to the Carrier's containers and other equipment if the loss or damage is caused or occurs while in the possession or control of the Merchant, his agents, or common carriers engaged by or on behalf of the Merchant (B) The Carrier shall in no event be liable for, and the Merchant shall indemnify and hold the Carrier harmless from, any death of or injuries to persons, or loss of or damage to property, caused by the Carrier's container or its contents while in the possession or control of the Merchant, his agents, or common carriers engaged by or on behalf of the Merchant.
- Container Packed by Merchant. If the cargo received by the Carrier or Inland Carrier is in a container packed by or on behalf of the Merchant. (A) this Bill of Lading is prima facie evidence of the receipt only of the number on the face of this Bill of Lading. The condition and particulars of the contents are unknown to the Carrier and Inland Carriers, and the Carrier accepts no responsibility for the accuracy of the description of condition or particulars. (B) The Merchant warrants (1) that the stowage of the contents of the containers and the closing and sealing of the containers are safe and proper, and (2) that the containers and their contents are suitable for handling and carriage in accordance with the terms of this Bill of Lading, including Article 15. In the event of the Merchant's breach of any of these warranties, the Merchant and not the Carrier shall be responsible for, and the Merchant shall indemnify and hold Carrier harmless from, any resulting loss or damage to persons or property (including the Goods) (C) The Merchant shall inspect the container when it is furnished by or on behalf of the Carrier, and the container shall be deemed to have been accepted by the Merchant as being in sound and suitable condition for the purpose of the transport contracted for in this Bill of Lading, unless the Merchant gives notice to the contrary, in writing, to the Carrier before the transport. (D) If the container is delivered after transport by the Carrier or Inland Carrier with seals intact, such delivery shall be deemed to be full and complete performance of the Carrier's obligation under this Bill of Lading, and the Carrier shall not be liable for any loss of or damage to the contents of the container. (E) The Carrier and Inland Carrier shall have the right to open the container and to inspect its contents without notice to the Merchant, at such time and place as the Carrier or Inland Carrier may deem necessary, and all expenses incurred therefrom shall be borne by the Merchant. (F) If any seal of the container is broken by customs or other authorities for inspection of its contents, the Carrier shall not be liable for any resulting loss, damage or expenses.
- Special Carriage or Container. (A) The Carrier does not undertake to carry the Goods in refrigerated, heated, insulated, ventilated, or any other special hold or container, nor to carry any special container packed by or on behalf of the Merchant, but the Carrier will treat such Goods or container only as ordinary goods or dry container, respectively, unless: (1) special arrangements for the carriage of such Goods or container have been agreed to in writing between the Carrier and the Merchant; (2) such special arrangements are noted on the face of this Bill of Lading; and (3) special freights as required has been paid. The Carrier shall not be responsible for the function of a special container supplied by or on behalf of the Merchant. (B) The Carrier shall not be liable for any loss of or damage to Goods in a special hold or container arising from latent defects, breakdown, or stoppage of the refrigeration or heating machinery, insulation, ship's plant, or other such apparatus of the Vessel or container, provided that the Carrier shall before or at the beginning of the transport exercise due diligence to maintain the special hold or container in an efficient state. (c) If the Goods have been packed into a refrigerated container by the Carrier or Inland Carrier, and the particular temperature range requested by the Merchants is inserted in this Bill of Lading, the Carrier will set the thermostatic controls within the requested temperature range but does not guarantee the maintenance of such temperature inside the container. (D) If the cargo received by the Carrier or Inland Carrier is in a refrigerated container packed by or on behalf of the Merchant, it is the obligation of the Merchant to stow the contents properly and set the thermostatic controls exactly. The Carrier shall not be liable for any loss of or damage to the Goods arising out of or resulting from the Merchant's failure in such obligation and Carrier does not guarantee the maintenance of the intended temperature inside the container.
- Dangerous Goods, Contraband. (A) The Carrier undertakes to carry Goods of an explosive, inflammable, radioactive, corrosive, damaging, poisonous, or dangerous nature only upon the Carrier's approval of a written application by the Merchant prior to the carriage of such Goods. Such application must accurately state the name, nature and classification of the Goods, as well as how they are dangerous and the method o rendering them innocuous, together with the full names and addresses of the shipper and the consignee. (B) The Merchant shall undertake that the nature and danger of such Goods is distinctly hand permanently marked on the outside of the package or container containing the Goods. (C) Merchant shall submit all documents or certificates required in connection with such Goods by any applicable statue or regulation or by the Carrier (D) Whenever the Goods are discovered to have been received by the Carrier or Inland Carrier without complying with subparts (A), (B) or (C) above, or the Goods are found to be contraband or prohibited by any law or regulation of any place during the transport, the Carrier shall be entitled to have such Goods rendered innocuous, thrown overboard, discharged, or otherwise disposed of at the Carrier's discretion without compensation, and the Merchant shall be liable for and indemnify the Carrier against any loss, damage or liability, including loss of freight, and any other expenses directly or indirectly arising out of custody or carriage of such Goods. (E) The Carrier may exercise the right conferred upon it under the preceding subpart whenever it is apprehended that Goods received in compliance with subparts (A), (B) and (C) above have become dangerous, even if not dangerous when received by the Carrier or Inland Carrier. (F) The Carrier has the right to inspect the contents of any package or container at any time and place without the prior notice to Merchant and at the risk and expense of the Merchant.
- Stowage Under and on Deck. (A) Goods in containers, vans, trailers, or chassis may be carried under deck or on deck, and when such Goods are carried on deck the Carrier shall not be required to specially note mark, or stamp any statement of "on deck stowage" on the face of this Bill of Lading, any custom to the contrary notwithstanding. Such on deck carriage shall not be considered a deviation. (B) Goods stowed in poop, forecastle, deck house, shelter deck, passenger space, or any other covered-in-space, or stowed in a container wherever placed, shall be deemed to be stowed under deck for all purposes including general average. (C) Lumber, earth moving equipment and all other Goods customarily or reasonably carried on deck may, at Carrier's option, be carried on deck without further notice to Merchant and without liability to the Carrier for the risks inherent in or incident to such carriage. Such on deck carriage shall not be considered a deviation. (D) In respect of Goods not in containers and carried on deck, and stated on this Bill of Lading to be so carried, all risks of loss or damage from perils inherent in or incident to the custody or carriage of such Goods shall be borne by the Merchant and in all other respects the Carrier shall have the benefit of the provisions of the applicable, version of the Hague Rules (including U.S. COGSA, notwithstanding Section 1301 (c) thereof) and the terms of this Bill of Lading
- Live Animals and Plants. With respect to the custody and carriage of live animals and plants, all risks of loss or damage by perils inherent in or incident to such carriage shall be borne by the Merchant, and in all other respects the Carrier shall have the benefit of the provisions of the applicable version of the Hague Rules (including U.S. COGSA, notwithstanding Section 1301(c) thereof) and the terms of this Bill of Lading.
- Valuable Goods. The Carrier shall not be liable to any extent for any loss of or damage to or in connection with precious metals, stones, or chemicals, jewelry, currency, negotiable instruments, securities, writings, documents, works of art, curios, heirlooms, or any other valuable goods, including goods having particular value only for the Merchant, unless the true nature and value of the Goods have been declared in writing by the Merchant before receipt of the Goods by the Carrier or Inland Carrier, the same is inserted on the face of this Bill of Lading and additional freight has been paid as required.
- Heavy Lift. (A) The weight of a single piece or package exceeding 2,240 lbs. gross must be declared by the Merchant in writing before receipt by the Carrier or Inland Carrier and must be marked clearly and durably on the outside of the piece or package in letters and figures not less than two inches high. (B) If the Merchant fails in his obligations under the preceding subpart (1) the Carrier shall not be responsible for any loss of or damage to in connection with the Goods. (2) the Merchant shall be liable for resulting loss of or damage to any person or property, and (3) Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against any resulting loss, damage, or liability suffered by the Carrier.
- Delivery by Marks. (A) The Carrier shall not be liable for failure or delaying delivery in accordance with marks, unless such marks have been clearly and durably stamped or marked upon the Goods, package, or container by the Merchant before they are received by the Carrier or Inland Carrier, in letters and numbers not less than two inches high, together with the names of the port of discharge and place of delivery. (B) In no circumstances shall the Carrier be responsible for delivery in accordance with other than leading marks. (C) The Merchant warrants that the marks on the Goods, packages and containers correspond to the marks shown on this Bill of Lading and also in all respects comply with all laws and regulations in force at the port of discharge or place of delivery. The Merchant shall indemnity the Carrier against all loss, damage or expenses resulting from inaccuracy or incompleteness of the marks. (D) Goods that cannot be identified as to marks or numbers, cargo sweeping liquid residue and any unclaimed goods not otherwise accounted for may be allocated for the purpose for completing delivery to the various Merchants of Goods of like character in proportion to any apparent shortage, loss of weight or damage.
- Delivery. (A) The Carrier shall have the right to deliver the Goods at any time at the Vessels side, customhouse, warehouse, wharf, or any other place designated by the Carrier, within the geographic limits of the port of discharge or place of delivery shown of the face of this Bill of Lading (B) The Carrier's responsibility shall cease when the Goods have been delivered to the Merchant, Inland Carrier, connecting carrier or any other person entitled to receive the Goods on Merchant's behalf at the place designated by the Carrier. Delivery of the Goods to the custody of customs or any other public authority shall constitute final discharge of the Carrier's responsibility. (C) In case the cargo received by the Carrier is containers packed by or on behalf of the Merchant (1) The Carrier shall only be responsible for delivery of the total number of containers received (2) The Carrier shall not be required to unpack the containers and deliver their contents in accordance with brands, marks, numbers sizes, to types of items or pieces (3) At the Carriers discretion and upon the Merchant's request in writing to the Carrier at least 3 days prior to the scheduled date of arrival the of Vessel at the port of discharge containers may be unpacked and their contents delivered by the Carrier in accordance with the written request. In such a case if the seal of the containers is intact at the time of unpacking all the Carrier's obligations under this Bill of Lading shall be deemed to have been discharged, the Carrier shall not be responsible for any loss or damage resulting from such delivery and the Merchants shall be liable for an appropriate adjustment of the freight and any additional charges incurred (D) If the Goods have been packed into a container by the Carrier shall unpack the container and deliver its contents and the Carrier shall not be required to deliver the Goods in the container. At the Carrier's discretion, and subject to prior arrangement between the Merchant and the Carrier the Goods may be delivered to Merchant in the container, in which case if the container is delivered with seals intact all the Carrier's obligations under this Bill of Lading shall be deemed to have been discharged, and the Carrier shall not be responsible for any loss or damage to the contents of the container. (E) Optional delivery shall be granted only when arranged prior to the time of receipt of the Goods by Carrier and if expressly stated on the face of this Bill of Lading. The Merchant desiring to avail himself of the option so expressed must give notice in writing to the Carrier at the first port of call named in the option at least 48 hours prior to the Vessel's arrival there, otherwise the Goods shall be landed at any of the optional ports at Carrier's option, and the Carrier's responsibility shall then cease. (F) Carrier is not responsible to give notification, in writing or otherwise, either to Merchant or others, of the arrival, discharge, or disposition of Goods, any custom or agreement to the contrary notwithstanding, and notwithstanding any notation on the face of this Bill of Lading, concerning notification or a notify party.
- On-Carriage and Forwarding. (A) Whether arranged beforehand or not, the Carrier shall be at liberty without notice to carry the Goods wholly or partly by the named or any other Vessel, craft barge, or other means of transport by water, land or air, whether or not owned or operated by the Carrier. (B) The Carrier may under any circumstances whatsoever discharge the Goods or any part of them at any port or place for transshipment and store them afloat or ashore and then forward them by any means of transport. (C) If the Goods cannot be found at the port of discharge or place of delivery, or if they be miscarried, they, when found, may be forwarded to their intended port of discharge or place of delivery at the Carrier's expense, but the Carrier shall not be liable for any loss, damage, delay, or depreciation arising from such forwarding. (D) In case of Port-to-Port Transportation, transshipment of cargo, or receipt of cargo from ports or inland points not including within the ship's itinerary or the Carrier's service, is to be at the sole risk and expense of the Merchant, and neither the Carrier not its Vessel shall be deemed to be the agent or principal of a prior or subsequent carrier notwithstanding the issuance by the Carrier of a bill of lading, receipt, or other shipping document at a time or place prior to that at which the Goods are received by the Carrier.
- Fire. The Carrier shall not be responsible for any loss of or damage to the Goods arising from fire occurring at any time, even though before loading on or after discharge from the Vessel, unless caused by the actual fault or privity of the Carrier.
- Lien. (A) The Carrier shall have a lien on the Goods, which shall survive delivery, for all freight, dead freight, demurrage, damages, loss, charges, expenses, and any other sums (including costs, customs fees, attorney fees, and other fees for recovering the sums) chargeable to the Merchant under this Bill of Lading and any preliminary contract for custody or carriage of the Goods. Carrier may foreclose the lien by selling the Goods without notice to the Merchant privately or by public auction. If on sale of the Goods the proceeds fail to cover the amount due and the costs and fees incurred, the Carrier shall be entitled to recover the deficit from the Merchant. (B) If the Goods are unclaimed during a reasonable time, or whenever in the Carrier's opinion the Goods will become deteriorated, decayed or worthless, the Carrier (without responsibility to it) may at its discretion and subject to its lien, sell, abandon, or otherwise dispose of such Goods at the sole risk and expense of the Merchant.
- Freight and Charges. (A) Freight may be calculated on the basis of the particulars of the Goods furnished by the Merchant, who shall be deemed to have guaranteed to the Carrier the accuracy of the contents, weight, measure, or value as furnished by him at the time of receipt of the Goods by the Carrier or Inland Carrier, but the Carrier for the purpose of ascertaining the actual particulars may at any time and at the risk and expense of the Merchant open the container or package and examine contents, weight, measure, and value of the Goods. In case of incorrect declaration of the contents, weight, measure and or value of the Goods, the Merchant shall be liable for and bound to pay to the Carrier: (1) the balance of freight between the freight charged and that which would have been due had the correct details been given, plus (2) expenses incurred in determining the correct details, plus (3) as liquidated and ascertained damages, an additional sum equal to the correct freight. (B) Full freight to the port of discharge or place of delivery shall be considered as completely earned on receipt of the Goods by the Carrier, whether the freight be stated or intended to be prepaid or to be collected at destination. The Carrier shall be entitled to all freight and other charges due hereunder, whether actually paid or not and to receive and retain such freight and charges under any circumstances, whether the Vessel and/or the Goods be lost or not, or the voyage be broken up, frustrated, or abandoned at any stage of the entire transit. Full freight shall be paid on damaged or unsound Goods. (C) The Payment of freight and/or charges shall be made in full and in cash without any offset, counter claim, or deduction. Where freight is payable at the port of discharge or place of delivery, such freight and all other charges shall be paid in the currency named in this Bill of Lading, or, at Carrier's option, in other currency subject to the regulators of the freight conference concerned, if any, or custom at the place of payment. (D) Goods once received by the Carrier cannot be taken away or disposed of by the Merchant except upon the Carrier's consent and after payment of full freight and compensation for any loss sustained by the Carrier through such taking away or disposal. (E) If the Goods are not available when the Vessel is ready to load: (1) The Carrier is relieved of any obligation to load such Goods and the Vessel may leave the port without further notice. (2) Unless the unavailability arises in the course of combined transport and is caused by the failure of an Inland Carrier to perform its obligations under this Bill of Lading, dead freight shall be paid by the Merchant. (F) The Merchant shall be liable for and shall indemnify the Carrier against: (1) all dues, duties, taxes, consular fees, and other charges levied on the Goods, and (2) all fines, damages and losses sustained by the Carrier in connection with Goods, howsoever caused, including the Merchant's failure to comply with laws and regulations of any public authority in connection with the Goods, or failure to procure consular, Board of Health, or other certificates to accompany the Goods. The Merchant shall be liable for return freight and changes on any Goods refused exportation or importation by any public authority. (G) If the Carrier is of the opinion that the Goods are in need of sorting, inspecting, mending, repairing, or reconditioning, or otherwise require protecting or caring for, the Carrier at its discretion may, by itself or through Subcontractors, and as agent for the Merchant, carry out such work at the risk and expense of the Merchant. (H) The shipper, consignor, consignee, owner of the Goods and holder of this Bill of Lading shall be jointly and severally liable to the Carrier for the payment of all freight and charges and for the performance of the obligations of any of them under this Bill of Lading
- Notice of Claim and Time for Suit against Carrier. (A) Unless notice of loss or damage and the general nature of such loss or damage be given in writing to the Carrier at the port of discharge or place of delivery before or at the time of delivery of the Goods or, if the loss or damage is not apparent, within 3 days after delivery, the Goods shall be deemed to have been delivered as described in this Bill of Lading. (B) The Carrier shall be discharged from all liability in respect of the Goods, including without limitation nondelivery, misdelivery, delay, loss, or damage, unless suit has been brought within one year after delivery of the Goods or the date when the Goods should have been delivered. Suit shall not be considered to have been "brought" within the time specified unless process shall have been served and jurisdiction obtained over the Carrier within such time.
- Limitation of Liability. (A) Subject to subpart (B) below for the purpose of determining the extent of the Carrier's liability for loss of or damage to the Goods, the Merchant agrees that the value of the Goods is the Merchant's net invoice cost, plus freight and insurance premium, if paid. The Carrier shall not be liable for any loss of profit or any consequential loss. (B) Insofar as the loss of or damage to or in connection with the Goods was caused during the part of the custody or carriage to which the applicable version of the Hague Rules applies: (1) The Carrier shall not be liable for loss or damage in an amount exceeding the minimum allowable per package or unit in the applicable version of the Hague Rules, which when U.S. COGSA is applicable is an amount not exceeding U.S. $500 per package or customary freight unit, unless the value (and nature) of Goods higher than this amount has been declared in writing by the Merchant before receipt of the Goods by the Carrier and inserted on the face of this Bill of Lading and extra freight has been paid as required. If the actual value of the Goods per package or unit exceeds such declared value, the value shall nevertheless be deemed to be the declared value, and the Carrier's liability, if any, shall not exceed the declared value. Any partial loss or damage shall be adjusted pro rata on the basis of such declared value. If the declared value has been willfully misstated or is markedly higher than the actual value, the Carrier shall not be liable to pay any compensation. (2) Where the cargo has been packed into a container or unitized into a similar article of transport by or on behalf of the Merchant, it is expressly agreed that the number of such containers or similar articles of transport shown on the face of this Bill of Lading shall be considered as the number of the packages or units for the purpose of the application of the limitation of liability provided for in this Article.
- General Average: New Jason Clause. (A) General average shall be adjusted, stated and settled at any port or place as the Carrier's option and according to the York-Antwerp Rules, 1974 and as to matters not provided for by these Rules, according to the laws and usages of the port or place of adjustment and in the currency selected by the Carrier. The general average statement shall be prepared by the adjusters appointed by the Carrier. Average agreement or bond and such cash deposit as the Carrier may deem sufficient to cover the estimated contribution of the Goods and any salvage and special charges thereon and any other additional securities as the Carrier may require shall be furnished by the Merchant to the Carrier before delivery of the Goods. (B) In the event of accident, danger, damage, or disaster before or after commencement of the voyage, resulting from any cause whatsoever, whether due to negligence or not for which or for the consequence of which the Carrier isn't responsible by statue, contract, or otherwise, the Goods and the Merchant shall jointly and severally contribute with the Carrier in general average to the payment of any sacrifices, loss, or expenses of a general average nature that may be made or incurred, and shall pay salvage and special charges incurred in respect of the Goods. If a salvage ship is owned or operated by the Carrier, salvage shall be paid for as fully and in the same manner as if such salvaging ship belonged to strangers.
- Both to Blame Collision. If the Vessel comes into collision with another ship as a result of the negligence of the other ship and any act, neglect, or default of the Master, mariner, pilot, or servants of the owner of the Vessel in the navigation or in the management of the Vessel, the Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against all loss or liability which might be incurred directly or indirectly to the other or non-carrying ship or her owners insofar as such loss or liability represents loss of or damage to his Goods or any claim whatsoever of the Merchant paid or payable by the other or non-carrying ship or her owners to the Merchant and set-off, recouped, or recovered by the other or non-carrying ship or her owners as part of their claim against the carrying Vessel or its owner. The foregoing provisions shall also apply where the owners, operators, or those in charge of any ship or ships or objects other than, or in addition to the colliding ships or objects are at fault in respect of a collision contact stranding or other accident.
- Carriage of Metal Products, Lumber, Cotton. (A) The term "apparent good order and condition" when used in this Bill of Lading does not mean: (1) with reference to iron, steel, or metal products, that the Goods when received were free from visible rust or moisture. (2) with reference to lumber, timber, plywood, or other wood products, that the Goods when received were free from visible stains, discoloration, moisture, shakes, holes, chaffed, breakage or splitting. If the Merchant so requests a substitute bill of lading will be issued setting forth any notations as to the foregoing that may appear on the mate's or tally clerk's receipts or similar document. (B) Description of the condition of cotton cargo does not relate to the sufficiency or not or condition of the covering nor to any damage, resulting therefrom. Carrier shall not be responsible for any such damage.
- Grain. Discharge of grain received by the Carrier in bulk may be in port, on barges, and or lighters, or elsewhere, using or not using elevators, and such discharge shall constitute a sufficient delivery by the Carrier. Thereafter said grain shall be at the risk and expense of the Merchant.
- Intermodal Transportation (A) This Bill of Lading may be issued for Intermodal Transportation in any country. When so issued as between the Merchant and an Inland Carrier custody and carriage of the Goods by the Inland Carrier are subject to the relevant laws, regulations, tariffs and bill of lading are available from the Carrier or Inland Carrier upon request. (B) Claims by the Merchant against an Inland Carrier for loss or damage shall be given and suit commenced as provided in the Inland Carrier's applicable bill of lading
- Carrier's Tariff. This Bill of Lading is subject to the Carrier's application tariff. Copies of the applicable tariff are obtainable from the Carrier upon request.
- Severability of Terms. The terms of this Bill of Lading are severable and if any part or term is declared invalid or unenforceable, the validity or enforceability, of any other part or term shall not be affected.
- Himalaya Clause. All exceptions, exemptions defenses immunities, limitations on liability, privileges and conditions granted or provided by this Bill of Lading or by applicable tariff or by statue or for the benefit of the Carrier shall also apply to and for the benefit of the officers and employees of the Carrier and the agents, officers and crew of the Vessel and to and for the benefit of all parties performing services in connection with the Goods as agents or contractors of the Carrier (including, without limitation, stevedores, terminal operators and agents) and the employees of each them
International Airway Bill of Lading Terms & Conditions
NOTICE CONCERNING CARRIER’S LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
If the carriage involves an ultimate destination or stop in a country other than the country of departure, the Montreal Convention or the Warsaw Convention may be applicable to the liability of the Carrier in respect of loss of, damage or delay to cargo. Carrier's limitation of liability in accordance with those Conventions shall be as set forth in subparagraph 4 unless a higher value is declared.
CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT
- 1. In this contract and the Notices appearing hereon:
- CARRIER includes the air carrier issuing this air waybill and all carriers that carry or undertake to carry the cargo or perform any other services related to such carriage.
- SPECIAL DRAWING RIGHT (SDR) is a Special Drawing Right as defined by the International Monetary Fund.
- WARSAW CONVENTION means whichever of the following instruments is applicable to the contract of carriage:
- the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air, signed at Warsaw, 12 October 1929;
- that Convention as amended at The Hague on 28 September 1955;
- that Convention as amended at The Hague 1955 and by Montreal Protocol No. 1, 2, or 4 (1975) as the case may be.
- MONTREAL CONVENTION means the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air, done at Montreal on 28 May 1999.
- 2./2.1 Carriage is subject to the rules relating to liability established by the Warsaw Convention or the Montreal Convention unless such carriage is not “international carriage” as defined by the applicable Conventions.
- 2.2 To the extent not in conflict with the foregoing, carriage and other related services performed by each Carrier are subject to:
- 2.2.1 applicable laws and government regulations;
- 2.2.2 provisions contained in the air waybill, Carrier’s conditions of carriage and related rules, regulations, and timetables (but not the times of departure and arrival stated therein) and applicable tariffs of such Carrier, which are made part hereof, and which may be inspected at any airports or other cargo sales offices from which it operates regular services. When carriage is to/from the USA, the shipper and the consignee are entitled, upon request, to receive a free copy of the Carrier’s conditions of carriage. The Carrier’s conditions of carriage include, but are not limited to:
- 220.127.116.11 limits on the Carrier’s liability for loss, damage or delay of goods, including fragile or
- 18.104.22.168 claims restrictions, including time periods within which shippers or consignees must perishable goods; file a claim or bring an action against the Carrier for its acts or omissions, or those of its agents;
- 22.214.171.124 rights, if any, of the Carrier to change the terms of the contract;
- 126.96.36.199 rules about Carrier’s right to refuse to carry;
- 188.8.131.52 rights of the Carrier and limitations concerning delay or failure to perform service, including schedule changes, substitution of alternate Carrier or aircraft and rerouting.
- 3. The agreed stopping places (which may be altered by Carrier in case of necessity) are those places, except the place of departure and place of destination, set forth on the face hereof or shown in Carrier’s timetables as scheduled stopping places for the route. Carriage to be performed hereunder by several successive Carriers is regarded as a single operation.
- 4. For carriage to which the Montreal Convention does not apply, Carrier’s liability limitation for cargo lost, damaged or delayed shall be 19 SDRs per kilogram unless a greater per kilogram monetary limit is provided in any applicable Convention or in Carrier’s tariffs or general conditions of carriage.
- 5./5.1 Except when the Carrier has extended credit to the consignee without the written consent of the shipper, the shipper guarantees payment of all charges for the carriage due in accordance with Carrier’s tariff, conditions of carriage and related regulations, applicable laws (including national laws implementing the Warsaw Convention and the Montreal Convention), government regulations, orders and requirements.
- 5.2 When no part of the consignment is delivered, a claim with respect to such consignment will be considered even though transportation charges thereon are unpaid.
- 6./6.1 For cargo accepted for carriage, the Warsaw Convention and the Montreal Convention permit shipper to increase the limitation of liability by declaring a higher value for carriage and paying a supplemental charge if required.
- 6.2 In carriage to which neither the Warsaw Convention nor the Montreal Convention applies Carrier shall, in accordance with the procedures set forth in its general conditions of carriage and applicable tariffs, permit shipper to increase the limitation of liability by declaring a higher value for carriage and paying a supplemental charge if so required.
- 7./7.1 In cases of loss of, damage or delay to part of the cargo, the weight to be taken into account in determining Carrier’s limit of liability shall be only the weight of the package or packages concerned.
- 7.2 Notwithstanding any other provisions, for “foreign air transportation” as defined by the U.S. Transportation Code:
- 7.2.1 in the case of loss of, damage or delay to a shipment, the weight to be used in determining Carrier’s limit of liability shall be the weight which is used to determine the charge for carriage of such shipment; and
- 7.2.2 in the case of loss of, damage or delay to a part of a shipment, the shipment weight in
- 7.2.1 shall be prorated to the packages covered by the same air waybill whose value is affected by the loss, damage or delay. The weight applicable in the case of loss or damage to one or more articles in a package shall be the weight of the entire package.
- 8. Any exclusion or limitation of liability applicable to Carrier shall apply to Carrier’s agents, employees, and representatives and to any person whose aircraft or equipment is used by Carrier for carriage and such person’s agents, employees and representatives.
- 9. Carrier undertakes to complete the carriage with reasonable dispatch. Where permitted by applicable laws, tariffs and government regulations, Carrier may use alternative carriers, aircraft or modes of transport without notice but with due regard to the interests of the shipper. Carrier is authorized by the shipper to select the routing and all intermediate stopping places that it deems appropriate or to change or deviate from the routing shown on the face hereof.
- 10. Receipt by the person entitled to delivery of the cargo without complaint shall be prima facie evidence that the cargo has been delivered in good condition and in accordance with the contract of carriage.
- 10.1 In the case of loss of, damage or delay to cargo a written complaint must be made to Carrier by the person entitled to delivery. Such complaint must be made:
- 10.1.1 in the case of damage to the cargo, immediately after discovery of the damage and at the latest within 14 days from the date of receipt of the cargo;
- 10.1.2 in the case of delay, within 21 days from the date on which the cargo was placed at the disposal of the person entitled to delivery.
- 10.1.3 in the case of non-delivery of the cargo, within 120 days from the date of issue of the air waybill, or if an air waybill has not been issued, within 120 days from the date of receipt of the cargo for transportation by the Carrier.
- 10.2 Such complaint may be made to the Carrier whose air waybill was used, or to the first Carrier or to the last Carrier or to the Carrier, which performed the carriage during which the loss, damage or delay took place.
- 10.3 Unless a written complaint is made within the time limits specified in 10.1 no action may be brought against Carrier.
- 10.4 Any rights to damages against Carrier shall be extinguished unless an action is brought within two years from the date of arrival at the destination, or from the date on which the aircraft ought to have arrived, or from the date on which the carriage stopped.
- 11. Shipper shall comply with all applicable laws and government regulations of any country to or from which the cargo may be carried, including those relating to the packing, carriage or delivery of the cargo, and shall furnish such information and attach such documents to the air waybill as may be necessary to comply with such laws and regulations. Carrier is not liable to shipper and shipper shall indemnify Carrier for loss or expense due to shipper’s failure to comply with this provision.
- 12. No agent, employee or representative of Carrier has authority to alter, modify or waive any provisions of this contract.
Domestic Truck Bill Of Lading Terms & Conditions
Flexport International, LLC Property Broker Terms and Conditions of Service
Flexport International, LLC (hereinafter “Company”) is a licensed property broker as defined by 49 U.S.C. § 13102 (12) operating under FMCSA MC No. 906604-B Company only undertakes to arrange for the transportation of shipments on behalf of its customers (the “Customer”) from various origins and destinations throughout the United States. The transportation is furnished by carriers selected by Company. The Terms and Conditions of Service set forth herein are applicable to the transportation of any shipment for which Company is retained to arrange transportation and related services on Customer’s behalf
Company reserves the right from time to time to modify, amend or supplement its Terms and Conditions of Service without notice. Copies of Company’s most recent Terms and Conditions of Service may be obtained by contacting Company and are available on Company’s web site.
- Company as Independent Contractor. The Company is authorized to act on behalf of the Customer in order to effectuate the selection of Third Parties as set forth in paragraph 3. Said Third Parties may limit their liability and may operate under terms and conditions further defining the rights, obligations, and defenses of those Third Parties. The Company is also authorized to agree to those terms on behalf of the Customer. As to all other services, the Company acts as an Independent Contractor.
- Limitation of Actions. All claims against the Company for a potential or actual loss must be made in writing and received by the Company, within 30 days of the event giving rise to claim; the failure to give the Company timely notice shall be a complete defense to any suit or action commenced by Customer. All suits against Company must be filed and properly served on Company within two (2) years from the date of the loss or damage.
- No Liability for the Selection or Services of Third Parties and/or Route. It is expressly understood that, in the performance of its duties, Company shall retain, select and/or subcontract the transportation and related services required by Customer to motor carriers that are duly authorized to transport such shipments pursuant to all applicable regulatory authority. It is understood and agreed that the selected motor carriers are independent contractors with the exclusive control over their respective drivers and employees, and are not agents, employees or authorized representatives of Company, its agents or affiliated entities. Unless services are performed by persons or firms engaged pursuant to express written instructions from the Customer, Company shall use reasonable care in its selection of third parties, or in selecting the means, route and procedure to be followed in the handling, transportation, and delivery of the shipment; advice by the Company that a particular person or firm has been selected to render services with respect to the goods shall not be construed to mean that the Company warrants or represents that such person or firm will render such services nor does Company assume responsibility or liability for any actions(s) and/or inaction(s) of such third parties and/or its agents, and Company shall not be liable for any delay or loss of any kind, which occurs while a shipment is in the custody or control of a Third Party or the agent of a Third Party; all claims in connection with the act of a Third Party shall be brought solely against such party and/or its agents; in connection with any such claim, the Company shall reasonably cooperate with the Customer, which shall be liable for any charges or costs incurred by the Company.
- Declaring Higher Value to Third Parties. Third Parties to whom the goods are entrusted may limit liability for loss or damage. Company will request excess valuation coverage only upon specific written instructions from the Customer, for which Customer must agree to pay. Customer expressly acknowledges that there is a distinction between excess valuation coverage, which increases the legal liability amount of the subject service provider beyond a released value rate, and a request for insurance (insurance is covered in paragraph 5 below). In the absence of written instructions from the Customer, and/or in instances in which the Third Party does not agree to a higher declared value, at the Company’s discretion the goods may be tendered to the Third Party subject to the terms of the Third Party’s limitations of liability and/or terms and conditions of service.
- Insurance. Unless specifically requested not to do so in writing and confirmed to Customer in writing, Company will procure insurance on Customer’s behalf; in all cases, Customer shall pay all premiums and costs in connection with procuring insurance. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the third-party motor carriers selected by Company to perform the transportation and related services shall maintain insurance covering loss or damage to cargo in the amount of $100,000. In no event, however, shall Company be responsible for any motor carrier’s failure to maintain such insurance or for the accuracy of any documentation furnished by such motor carrier to Company or Customer evidencing said insurance coverage.
- Disclaimers; Limitation of Liability. Except as specifically set forth herein, Company makes no express or implied warranties in connection with its services and any and all warranties, whether statutory, express or implied are hereby deemed waived and specifically disclaimed; subject to the terms below, Customer agrees that in connection with any and all services performed by the Company, the Company shall only be liable for its negligent acts, which are the direct and proximate cause of any injury to Customer, including loss or damage to Customer’s goods, and the Company shall in no event be liable for the acts of Third Parties. In any event, Company’s liability for any loss or damage shall be limited to $50.00 per shipment or transaction. In no event shall Company be liable or responsible for consequential, indirect, incidental, statutory or punitive damages even if it has been put on notice of the possibility of such damages, including any and all loss or damages arising from delay of services.
The Company shall have no liability if it is prevented from or delayed in performing its obligations or from carrying on its business by acts, events, omissions or accidents beyond its control, including strikes, lock-outs or other industrial disputes (whether involving the workforce of the Company or any other party), failure of a utility service or transport network including reduction in bandwidth, act of God, war, riot, civil commotion, malicious damage, compliance with any law or government order, rule, regulation or direction, accident, breakdown of plant or machinery, fire, flood, storm or default of suppliers or sub-contractors or any other force majeure event. In any event, however, the Company’s liability (if any) is limited in accordance with this paragraph 6.
The Customer agrees that the Company shall in no event be liable for any loss, damage or expense incurred by the Customer, whether or not arising out of delay or physical damage to the goods, or other damage to goods or property belonging to Third Parties, or any other damages including but not limited to documentary error(s), mis-delivery, loss of property, tender to unauthorized parties, or any other act or omission or other cause resulting from the negligence or other fault of the Company for any amount in excess the limitations of liability set forth in this paragraph 6.
- Opting out of the Carmack Amendment (49 U.S.C. § 14706). Where the Carmack Amendment might otherwise be applicable, Customer; or any other intended beneficiary of the services provided by the Company,hereby specifically and expressly agree to opt out of the application of the Carmack Amendment. Customs specifically and expressly agree to waive any and all rights and remedies under the Carmack Amendment which would otherwise be subject to the Carmack Amendment. Specifically the Customer hereby agree that the provisions of the Carmack Amendment which pertain to notice of claim requirements, time for suit provisions, and limitations of liability provisions are without application. All services relating to the transportation of goods, or other services provided hereunder will be subject to the liability limiting provisions of Paragraph 6 herein, as well as the other terms and conditions contained herein.
- Packing and Marking. All shipments tendered by Customer must be prepared and packaged to ensure safe ground transportation. By tendering a shipment to the motor carrier, Customer certifies that the shipment is sufficiently packaged to withstand the normal rigors of truck transportation. Each package must be legibly marked, prior to the shipment being tendered for transportation. Any article susceptible to damage by ordinary handling must be adequately protected and packaged and marked in such a way as to alert Company or the carriers of the possibility of damage from ordinary handling and must bear appropriate labels. Customer shall notify company of any danger inherent in the shipment, including, but not limited to, whether the shipment is flammable, explosive, corrosive or hazardous in any manner. Customer agrees to indemnify and hold Company harmless for any loss, injury, death or damage, including all expenses and attorney’s fees, occurring as a result of such condition of the shipment, regardless of whether Customer had notified Company prior to the shipment.
- Costs of Collection. In any dispute involving monies owed to Company, the Company shall be entitled to all costs of collection, including reasonable attorney’s fees and interest at 15% per annum or the highest rate allowed by law, whichever is less unless a lower amount is agreed to by Company.
- Overcharge, Duplicate Payment and Over-Collection Claims. ny overcharge, duplicate payment or over-collection claim made by Customer must be filed, in writing, with Company within one hundred eighty (180) days from the date of Company’s invoice.
- No Modification or Amendment Unless Written. These Terms and Conditions of Service may only be modified, altered or amended in writing signed by both Customer and Company; any attempt to unilaterally modify, alter or amend same shall be null and void.
- Severability. In the event any Paragraph(s) and/or portion(s) hereof is found to be invalid and/or unenforceable, then in such event the remainder hereof shall remain in full force and effect. Company’s decision to waive any provision herein, either by conduct or otherwise, shall not be deemed to be a further or continuing waiver of such provision or to otherwise waive or invalidate any other provision herein.
- Governing Law; Consent to Jurisdiction and Venue. These Terms and Conditions of Service and the relationship of the parties shall be construed according to the laws of the State of California, without giving consideration to principles of conflict of law. Customer and Company irrevocably consent to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court and the State courts of California agree that any action relating to the services performed by Company, shall only be brought in said courts; consent to the exercise of in personam jurisdiction by said courts over it, and further agree that any action to enforce a judgment may be instituted in any jurisdiction.